KHOTAN

Khotan rugs were once called Samarkand rugs after the Central Asian trading center. They combine Chinese details with Central Asian design schemes and Western vivid coloring, except where recent fugitive dyes have reduced their effect to washed-out pastels. The technique of all-silk Khotan rugs, some of which have areas of metal thread, has been influenced to some degree by the earlier carpets of Persia, but the decoration generally consists of lattice designs bearing clusters of rosettes. The borders may have Chinese wave and fret patterns or flowering vines. Staffs, multiple prayer rugs for the use of a group, have been woven in wool and in silk. Khotan rugs with woolen pile have cotton warp and mixed-color wool or cotton weft and are usually made with the asymmetrical knot. Field colors may be blue, yellow, or white, as well as the usual red.